Then it flies to another plant. Page 1 of 5. The clumps are called pollinia. Phanerogams; Plant physiology; Plant ecology; Plant Physiology. When flower visiting insects or birds hover around the flower of the milkweed, Maurice Smethurst ,

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Maurice Smethurst Acontia luctuosa with seven pairs of pollinia of Orchis pyramidalis on its proboscis. Some species of climbing plants develop holdfast roots which help to pollonia the vines on trees, walls, and rocks. Plum tree blossoms damaged by frost with dead dry stamens or pollinia military orchid Orchis militarisa dead bee with pollinia on the antenna, hanging at one blossom, Germany, Saarland, Bliesgau.

Pollination Plant anatomy Orchid morphology.

Meaning of “pollinia” in the English dictionary

A pollinium is the specific, pollen -bearing structure of Asclepiadaceae and Orchidaceae which is extracted by pollinators from a flower and transported for pollination to another flower.

The end of the caudicle is attached to the steep sides of this depression. Aspectos da biologia reprodutiva de Brassavola cebolleta Rchb. The stigma is so sticky that it holds the pollinia fast, and, over- coming the pulling force of the bee, separates them from the head of the insect, or at any rate ruptures the fine threads which bind the pollen-grains into masses, and retains some of the pollen-grains if not the whole pollinia.


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Pollinia – definition of pollinia by The Free Dictionary

The various contrivances by which orchids are fertilized by insects. Enter your log in email address and we’ll send you a link to reset your password.

To the right, on the bottom row, are the pollinia, front and back view; and at the right center are separate pollen mass. About 20 species Can polljnia piopa oollinia l y otfsets and by cu. The GyncEcium occupies the center of the flower at the termination of the axis. The anthers dehisce before the flower opens, when the pollinia fall on the upper margin of the stigma situated below them, so that automatic self-pollination takes place.

ORCHIDEAE hybridization by Lepidoptera between two species which have fixed their pollinia to the upper and lower sides of the proboscis respectively, arises from the fact that the flowers are sometimes half twisted round thus making transfer possible.

A manual of Indian botany. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Middle figure section ol flower. The rostellum has an outer firm pouch, inside which is the viscid substance to which are firmly attached the caudicles of the pollinia.

When the insect has come into contact with the epidermis of the latter, and the caudicles have become fastened to its he.

Pollinia are an efficient way to deliver this amount of pollen Darwin, The single grains are almost entirely separate from each other and are only united by a few threads. Cyclopedia of American horticulture: The following account comprises the species that appear to be in the American trade, but others are to be found in the collection pollinnia fanciers, as aS. We’ve sent an email to Please follow the instructions to reset your password.


The position of these organs is such that an insect pollunia the flower touches with some part of his body the sticky part of the rostel- lum and the pollinia are thus made fast to him and carried to the stigma of another flower. Below, on the left, is the column, front and side view. In the Apostasioideae, the pollen is powdery and no more coherent than in other Liliiflorae. Long-horned Bee, Eucera sp. Nature and development of plants. A functional unit in Orchid pollination that consists of two or more pollinia, stalk or stipe, and viscidium.

Sawfly Orchid, Ophrys tenthredinifera, Western Portugal. In the Disinae, additional pollen cohesion is established by means of tectal bridges Chesselet and Linder In the tropics some of the large climbing plants have hold-fast roots by which they attach themselves, and long, cord-like roots that extend downward through the air and may lengthen and branch for several years until they strike the soil and become absorbent roots.

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